Post-Brexit pet travel guide for owners
This guidance applies to people travelling to and from Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) with their pet cats, ferrets or dogs, including assistance dogs. This guidance is only for travel of less than 5 pets and for non-commercial reasons.
You need to follow these guidelines to travel between Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as between Great Britain and the EU. Travel to other non-EU countries is not covered in these guidelines.
Travelling into an EU country or Northern Ireland from Great Britain
You can no longer use a pet passport issued in Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland) for travel to an EU country or Northern Ireland. You can still use a pet passport issued in an EU country or Northern Ireland (for Northern Ireland see additional guidance below).
When travelling to an EU country or Northern Ireland, your pet needs:
- a microchip placed or read before any rabies vaccination
- a valid rabies vaccination at least 21 days before certification and when the pet was at least 12 weeks of age (the day of the rabies vaccination being day zero)
- an animal health certificate unless you have a pet passport issued in an EU country or Northern Ireland to be obtained no more than 10 days before travel
- tapeworm treatment for dogs if you’re travelling directly to Finland, Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, or Malta
You will need to go through a travellers’ point of entry when you arrive in an EU country or Northern Ireland. A list of these can be found here:
Always check the rules of the country you are travelling to or through for any additional restrictions or requirements before you travel – it is your responsibility to check the current rules for travel and arrange the appropriate documents.
Repeat trips to an EU country or Northern Ireland
Repeat trips to an EU country or Northern Ireland
Your pet will need a new animal health certificate for each trip to an EU country or Northern Ireland.
Your pet will not need a repeat rabies vaccination so long as their rabies vaccinations are up to date.
Getting an Animal Health Certificate
You must book an appointment with one of our Official Veterinarian’s to get an animal health certificate. The certificate will be specific to the country you are entering the EU through but can then be used for onwards travel through other EU countries. You need the certificate no more than 10 days before you travel. Please give us as much notice as possible when booking the appointment.
We cannot give last minute appointments or appointments at weekends and on bank holidays for travel certificates. Please ensure that when you book your appointment you let our reception team know that you need an appointment for an Animal Health Certificate so that we can ensure an (Official Veterinarian) OV is present and available for the date & time of your appointment, only Official Veterinarians can do these appointments.
We will request you to send us information about your pet and the travel in advance of your appointment. When booking the appointment, please tell us the country of entry to the EU you will be using.
When you come to your appointment for the Animal Health Certificate, you must bring proof of your pet’s:
Your pet’s animal health certificate will be valid after the date of issue for:
- 10 days for entry into the EU or Northern Ireland
- 4 months for onward travel within the EU
- 4 months for re-entry to Great Britain
Your pet will need a new animal health certificate for each trip to an EU country or Northern Ireland from Great Britain.
Contact us for estimates of costs for Animal Health Certificates.
**Reminders for rabies vaccinations will not be issued & the relevant period may vary according to the country to which the owner is travelling (this is outside EU) and responsibility for ensuring booster vaccinations takes place on time falls to the owner not the veterinary practice.
Travelling into Great Britain with your pet
An EU pet passport issued in a member state is still valid to enter GB.
Before they enter GB, all pets must be:
- vaccinated against rabies (must be at least 12 weeks old before vaccinated)
Travellers from the EU need to wait 21 days (the day of rabies vaccination being given is day zero) after the first vaccination before travel into GB (not for boosters as long as done before the due date)
Travel from countries not free from tapeworm (Echinococcus multilocularis)
Unless entering GB directly from Finland, Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Norway, or Malta, you’ll need to take your dog to a vet for an approved tapeworm treatment. You must do this no less than 24 hours and no more than 120 hours (5 days) before entering GB.
Pet travel documents
Your pet must have one of the following documents when entering or returning to GB:
- an EU pet passport issued in the EU (or in GB if issued before 1 January 2021), or a pet passport from another Part 1 listed third country
- the animal health certificate (AHC) issued in GB used to travel to the EU – which you can use to re-enter GB for up to 4 months after it was issued
- a GB pet health certificate (for travel into GB only)
Check routes and travel companies
Check the routes before you travel. You must travel using approved routes. Your pet’s documents and microchip will be checked when entering GB.
Owners of assistance dogs returning to GB do not have to travel on approved routes. You must notify the point of entry in advance that you’re travelling with an assistance dog to ensure the appropriate checks are done.
EU residents travelling to and from the UK
If your pet has an EU passport and their rabies booster is due close to the period of travel, please have the rabies vaccination done in your EU country of residence before travel. UK vets are no longer authorised to complete rabies vaccination details in an EU passport.
Additional guidance for people travelling to and from Northern Ireland with their pet cats, ferrets or dogs, including assistance dogs.
Between Northern Ireland and the EU
From 1 January 2021, EU pet travel rules will continue to apply to Northern Ireland. This includes the need to have a pet passport** and a rabies vaccination. There will be no change to the requirements governing pet travel between NI and the EU including the Republic of Ireland (ROI).
From Great Britain to Northern Ireland
It has been confirmed that from 1 January 2021, Great Britain (GB) will be treated as a Part II listed country. This means that pet travel from GB to NI, including where a traveller is returning to NI from GB, will require:
- an EU pet passport** or an Animal Health Certificate
- rabies vaccination with a 21 day wait from the successful rabies vaccination
- tapeworm treatment
- entry to NI via a Travellers Point of Entry (TPE) at Belfast Port; Larne Port, Belfast International, Belfast City or City of Derry Airports.
Help and support
You can contact the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) if you’ve got questions or need more information.
If you’re travelling to the EU or Northern Ireland
Contact the Pet Travel Scheme helpline if you need more information about pet travel.
If you’re travelling to a non-EU country
Contact APHA if you need more information about pet travel to a non-EU country.
If you have questions specific to Northern Ireland
Veterinary Service Animal Health Group
111 Ballykelly Road
Tel: 028 77 442141
Please read our full guidance before arranging travel with your pet. Further guidance is available from https://www.gov.uk/guidance/pet-travel-to-and-from-great-britain
The main change for pet travel out of GB is that UK pet passports are no longer valid for travel into the EU. An Animal Health Certificate is now required for each trip to the EU, unless your animal already has a valid non-UK EU passport, issued in an EU country.
Summary of requirements for travel from GB to the EU or NI:
- Rabies vaccination (at least 21 days before travel/certification, and when the pet was at least 12 weeks of age) – the day the vaccine is given is day zero
- AHC (Animal Health Certificate) no more than 10 days before travel
- Or a valid non-UK EU passport
- Tapeworm treatment if travelling to Finland, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland or Malta (to be given and certified by a veterinarian 24-120 hours before entry to EU/NI)
- Entry must be through a Traveller’s Point of Entry
Travelling back to GB
- Rabies vaccination (at least 21 days before travel/certification, and when the pet was at least 12 weeks of age)
- AHC that was used to exit GB can be used to come back within 4 months
- Or UK passport supplied before 31/12/2020
- Or EU passport issued in the EU
- Tapeworm treatment unless travelling from Finland, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland or Malta (to be given and certified in the original AHC or the valid passport by a veterinarian 24-120 hours before entry to GB)
- You must enter GB via an Approved Route (except for assistance dogs)
Please remember, it is the responsibility of the owner (or person(s) transporting the pets) to know the requirements of travel for all countries travelled to and through, not your veterinary practice. We can provide guidance where appropriate, and complete the appointments for rabies vaccinations, certification, tapeworm treatments and any other necessary health checks you require. You must bring all supporting documents and information we request in order to complete these appointments correctly, otherwise we may not be able to provide you with certification.
**The travel scheme solely refers to the legal requirements to get your pet into another country and back and is designed to protect animals and people in the UK. It does not involve any healthcare needs to keep your pet safe and protected against disease itself while travelling, and pets travelling to the southern Mediterranean in particular face significant risk of potentially fatal diseases such as leishmania and heartworm, which can pose a risk to you as well in some cases. Prevention for several of these diseases needs to be started some time before travel and may need to be planned and ordered e.g., leishmania vaccines. Please ensure that you plan enough time to seek advice well in advance of planned trips regarding preventative health measures for you & your pet’s safety which are a separate issue to the travel scheme regulations.